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EU Video Summit to Assess Restrictions 01/21 06:10


   BRUSSELS (AP) -- Worried that the new coronavirus variants could result in 
another surge of deaths across the European Union and push hospitals to the 
verge of collapse, the 27-nation bloc's leaders will hold a video summit 
Thursday to assess such measures as further border restrictions, better 
tracking of mutations and improving coordination of lockdowns.

   The highly contagious nature of the variants is a major source of concern 
and has already led some EU countries to strengthen restrictions by imposing 
stricter curfews and more stringent mask requirements on public transport and 
in shops.

   In a bid to avoid another wave of panic similar to the one that saw 
unilateral border closures threaten the flow of goods across the bloc when the 
coronavirus first hit the continent last spring, the European Commission has 
issued this week a series of recommendations "for a united front to beat 

   The EU's executive arm believes that the sanitary situation is at a critical 
point and urged member states to step up the pace of vaccination, to ensure 
that at least 80% of those over age 80 are vaccinated by March, and that 70% of 
the adult population across the bloc is protected by the end of the summer.

   But since the EU doesn't expect vaccines to be readily available before the 
month of April, leaders should in the meantime find efficient ways to contain 
the new variants. The commission believes that better tracking the virus' 
mutations with genomic sequencing, coupled with an increased use of rapid 
antigen tests, will be crucial.

   According to the bloc's executive arm, several EU nations are testing under 
1% of samples. It has proposed to "urgently" increase genome sequencing to at 
least 5% of positive test results and would ideally see that figure reach 10% 
to detect the variants.

   Portugal, which holds the EU's rotating presidency, said that an agreement 
to "ensure a common approach to the use and validation of rapid antigen tests 
as well as the mutual recognition of COVID19 test results across Europe" has 
been found by all member states and will be approved by leaders.

   The coordination of lockdown measures seems trickier, with a myriad of 
initiatives coming from members states. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has 
warned that new border checks might be needed if they don't coordinate.

   Merkel said she doesn't expect Thursday's videoconference to produce 
"conclusive" results, and that EU interior ministers will likely have to talk 
about practical details. She said it's important to develop "test regimes" for 
cross-border commuters and that Germany is in touch with its neighbors on that.

   "I can say that Germany is looking for a cooperative approach, that 
extensive border controls would be a last resort for us too and that we will do 
a lot to try to prevent that," she told reporters in Berlin. "But they also 
can't be ruled out completely, if someone has completely different ideas."

   In Belgium, Prime Minister Alexander De Croo has proposed a temporary ban on 
nonessential travel during the February school break and will make a proposal 
to his counterparts to adopt it across the bloc.

   "It is important to be clear that this does not mean that we close the 
borders," De Croo told local broadcaster RTBF. "Essential travel must continue 
to take place (...) But non-essential travel, which we can do without now, such 
as tourism, clearly we can no longer take that risk."

   Discussions will also focus on the disruption of vaccine deliveries after 
Pfizer last week announced a temporary reduction that has affected all EU 
countries. The EU has sealed six vaccine contracts for more than 2 billion 
doses, but only the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines have been approved for 
use so far.

   The EU now expects Pfizer to deliver across the EU 92% of what was expected 
over this week and the next one. The missing 8% is expected to be recovered 
during the week of Feb. 15.

   Leaders will also weigh a Greek proposal to issue vaccination certificates 
to ease travel. But with doubts about whether the people vaccinated could still 
be contagious, and only a small fraction of the EU population already 
vaccinated, several member states have expressed reservations.

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